Fourth US Infantry - American Civil War Reenactment

History - Who are the 4th U.S. Infanty?

Regulars were the men who enlisted in the service of the United States before the outbreak of the Civil War. Their terms of enlistment was for five years, regardless of whether or not the country was at war. The regular soldiers with their smart appearance and excellent drill were well trained and were seldom (if ever) surpassed by volunteer regiments.

The original 4th U.S. was formed in accordance with an act of Congress dates 30th May 1796. In 1855, there were ten Regular Infantry regiments, two Artillary regiments, and five Cavalry regiments.


Historic reenactment

At the start of the war, the Fourth was scattered amoung a dozen small forts on the Western coast, defending settlers from bandits and Indians. The Fourth were ordered to Washington to form part of the city defenses. By the spring of 1862 they were assigned to General Sykes' Division of Regulars to form part of the Army of the Potomac's Fifth Corps.

The Third, Fourth and Sixth Infantry joined the newly formed Twelfth and Fourteenth Infantry to form the First Brigade. The Second brigade was formed by the Second, Seventh, Tenth, Eleventh and Seventeenth Infantry. Because of their experiences the Regulars, with their veterans of Seminole and Mexican wars, as well as numerous operations against Indians out West were relied upon heavily in the early days of the Rebellion. They gallantly held perilous flank positions and doggedly fought rear guard actions covering the withdrawal of the main body of the Union Army.

War reenactment

Battles - The Fourth Infantry engaged in and fought at many battles including the Seven Days (in particular Gaine's Mill), Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Second Battle of Manasses, Gettysburg, The Wilderness, as well as the Seige of Petersburg. At the end of the war on 9th April 1865, the Regiment was present at the Headquarters of the Union Army for the surrender of General Lee's Army of the Northern Virginia.

During the war, the Regiment lost 2 Officers and 58 enlisted men mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 68 enlisted men by disease.

If you would like to know more about the 4th U.S. Infantry's history, why not read "A Perfect Storm of Shot and Shell".

If you would like to be part of this historic American Civil War Reenactment group, creating some of the most famous battles in the Civil War or would just like to find out more about reenacting itself, click the button below to receive your free Recruitment Pack!

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